This article is reprinted with kind permission from the Oak Hill Homestead blog. They cut and bale their hay by hand. One could modify the size and application of the baler to bale straw by hand. This solution could work very well in areas where mechanical balers are not available.

We don’t own a tractor, so we cut and bale our hay by hand. Last year, we stored it loose in several sheds and anywhere we could find a few square feet of dry storage space. This year, we have a hand baler. A friend in Texas sent us a link and Hubby set to work on it. The baler in the plans is for use in making a bale of pine straw, but it works just fine baling our mixed-grass hay.

(UPDATE 8-11-2012: It seems that the link to the baler plans is broken once again. Here is another; hopefully this one will stay active for awhile.

ALSO, I’ve found a website with directions to build a hand-powered leaf and hay baler. While this one is a different type – horizontal rather than vertical – the principle is the same, and some might appreciate the step-by-step building instructions.)

Our hayfield is about 10-12 acres, so obviously we are doing this a little at a time. Hubby cuts the grass with our brush-mower. Once it’s dry, I use a fan rake to rake it up in windrows.


This is the hand baler, all set up to make a bale of hay.


Right now we are using baling wire because we had two rolls of it in the garage, left by a prior owner. The plans call for the use of baling twine, which will be much faster to set up, and we plan to buy some on our next trip to town. Note that the wire/twine is not run through the eye screws on the bottom of the baler, but between the eye and the wooden piece, just to keep it in place. Once you finish tying up the bale, the wire/twine slips out. Quite ingenious!



Setting up the wire for a new bale.



So, first we string the wire/twine, then shut the door of the baler. Hay is added through the opening in the top. When full, the plunger is used to pack down the hay, then more is added. Finally, with the plunger depressed, the bale is tied up tightly.



Release the plunger, open the door, and remove the bale of hay.



They are larger than what we’d envisioned. My best guess is that they are 1/2 to 2/3 the size of a regular small square bale. This will make storage and feeding so much easier.



While I’m down in the hayfield, I fill up the cart with loose hay for today’s feeding.


About the Author

Andrew Morison is a specialist in straw bale and green construction. He has shown thousands of people how to build their own straw bale projects through his comprehensive series of instructional straw bale, concrete foundation, and plastering DVDs, as well as his hands on workshops. You can check these out at

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