Plastering is a difficult process and site conditions have a big impact on the results. Most people are aware that plastering in direct sun is not a great idea, especially with natural plasters. What many don’t realize is that plastering in cold conditions and/or wind can be equally as damaging to the plaster.
It may seem obvious that it is not good practice to plaster when the temperatures are below freezing. This is because the water in the plaster can freeze as soon as the mud is placed on the wall. What if the temperature is around 40 degrees F? If you are using Natural Hydraulic Lime (NHL 3.5) you cannot apply the material below 40 degrees F or above 85 degrees F. Furthermore, you must protect the plaster from direct sun, high wind, frost and rain for 72 hours. This can be difficult if you live in a cold climate where the temperature drops in the evenings and over night. Wrapping the building in tarps will help keep in some of the heat gathered during the day and produced through the curing process; however, you may be required to add heaters to the building to fully protect the plaster.
Other plasters are able to handle direct sun, wind, a little frost, and other adverse conditions; however, those plasters are usually modern synthetic plasters. Natural plasters, because of the fact that they are natural and do not have chemical additives to deal with adverse conditions, are not likely to be able to handle such climatic conditions. For this reason, natural plastering must be completed under moderate conditions or must be at least protected from extremes as noted above.